ARTÍCULOS EN REVISTAS INDEXADAS/ ARTICLES IN INDEXED JOURNALS

MITOS MODERNOS. EFICIENCIA Y CONFORT EN LA PUBLICIDAD DE LAS REVISTAS CHILENAS DE ARQUITECTURA, 1930-1950

Mondragón, H & Wagemann, E. 2020

El artículo aborda el papel que desempeñaron los avisos que se publicaron en un conjunto de revistas de arquitectura chilenas entre 1930 y 1950, en la construcción, difusión e instalación de una significación sociocultural de la idea eficiencia y confort mediante una operación simple pero efectiva: traducir al habla común el lenguaje técnico de las innovaciones científico-técnicas.

DEARQ-Revista de Arquitectura, Issue 28, pp. 34-47. https://doi.org/10.18389/dearq28.2020.04

RESILIENCIA ES MÁS QUE RESISTENCIA: DOS EXPERIENCIAS DEL TERREMOTO Y TSUNAMI DE 2010

Wagemann, E., Greene, M., D’Alencon, R. 2020

Ante una catástrofe de origen natural, la resistencia es una condición necesaria pero no suficiente. Una construcción puede resistir un terremoto o un aluvión, pero eso no significa que la vida que albergaba vuelva a ocurrir de manera normal. De ahí que, en base a la experiencia tras el terremoto de 2010, este texto abogue por la resiliencia como un concepto clave, cuyo alcance va mucho más allá que la mera resistencia material. ARQ (Santiago) 105, pp. 80-93. 

English & Español:  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-69962020000200080

LOCALISING URBAN SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS: THE CEDEUS INDICATOR SET, AND LESSONS FROM AN EXPERT-DRIVEN PROCESS IN CITIES

Steiniger, S., Wagemann, E., de la Barrera, F., Molinos-Senante, M., Villegas, R., de la Fuente, H., Vives, A., Arce, G., Herrera, JC., Carrasco, J., Pasten, P., Munoz, JC., Barton, JR., 2020. 

In this paper, we present a set of 29 indicators designed to characterise urban sustainability in Chile, which we also expect to be relevant to other cities, particularly in the Global South where issues of poverty and inequality are prevalent. We first outline the process of selecting the indicators through expert consultation. Then we present selected indicators, and the variables used to measure them. Subsequently the set is applied to six Chilean cities that are diverse in terms of population, socio-economic conditions and geography. We show that some indicators highlight negative nationwide trends that are common to the cities, while other indicators reveal notable differences that can be traced back to their local contexts. The indicator development process is critically examined and policy recommendations are given. Cities, vol.101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2020.102683

ENERGY-EFFICIENT REAL ESTATE OR HOW IT IS PERCEIVED BY POTENTIAL HOMEBUYERS IN FOUR LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES

Encinas, F., Marmolejo-Duarte, C., Wagemann, E., Aguirre, C. 2019

This article analyses how energy efficiency regulatory frameworks have been developed in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Chile, within a context of developing countries, and it discusses if this context has been able to influence a culture of buildings’ energy efficiency in consumers. An online survey was applied to consumers who wanted to buy a house, aiming to understand their position regarding sustainability, and the role of the state versus the individual role, among other issues. Sustainability 11(13), 3531. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133531

LIVING ON THE MOVE, DWELLING BETWEEN TEMPORALITY AND PERMANENCE IN SYRIA

Al-Asali, W., Wagemann, E., Ramage, M.H, 2019

Although the international displacement of people caused by the Syrian conflict has dominated the media for the past several years, an inside story that is less visible requires more attention: that of internal displacement. This paper reviews two cases of internally displaced families in Syria: a collective centre in government-controlled Damascus (schools) and a planned camp in Afes village in a rebel-held area near Idlib. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 34, pages 829–843 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10901-019-09685-9

BAMBOO FOR CONSTRUCTION IN PAKISTAN- A SCOPING REVIEW

Wagemann, E. & Ramage, M., 2019

This scoping review explores the bamboo construction situation in Pakistan, including the species available, where they grow, built examples, perceptions, barriers to their use and the potential of the material, aiming to enable state-of-the-art use of bamboo in the country. Construction Materials, Proceedings of the Inst. of Civil Engineers 172, Issue 1, 3-9. https://doi.org/10.1680/jcoma.17.00045

TRANSITIONAL HABITABILITY: SOLUTIONS FOR POST-CATASTROPHE IN CHILE

Wagemann, E. & Moris, R., 2018

This paper is based on a collaborative initiative between public, private, academia and NGO actors, with the objective of reflecting, analysing and improving the shelter alternatives currently available for Chilean communities, based on recommendations from the Sphere Project, UNHCR and the CCCM Cluster. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 31, 514-525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.06.007

NEED FOR ADAPTATION. TRANSFORMATION OF TEMPORARY HOUSES

Wagemann, E., 2017

This study analysed temporary houses in Chile and Peru to illustrate how families modify them with or without external support. The paper underlines that guidance must be given on how to alter them safely and on how to incorporate the temporary solution into the permanent structure, because families adapt their houses whether or not they are so designed. Disasters 41, issue 4, 828-851. https://doi.org/10.1111/disa.12228

BAHAY KAWAYAN
POST DISASTER HOUSING IN BAMBOO

Wagemann, E., Gatóo, A., Ramage, M., 2015

In November 2013, one of the biggest tropical storms in history hit the Philippines, the second most vulnerable country in its exposure to natural hazards according to the World Risk Report 2014. A team from the group Natural Materials and Structures from Cambridge University, that researches low cost constructive systems, designed an emergency housing unit for the region of Roxas, affected by the typhoon. The project received a prize at the international competition Versus: Lessons from Vernacular Heritage to Sustainable Architecture (Valencia, September 2014). ARQ (Santiago) 90, 68-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-69962015000200012 

CAPÍTULOS DE LIBROS / BOOK CHAPTERS

RESILIENCE, RECONSTRUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CHILE

Wagemann, E. & Greene, M., 2019

The reduction of risks from natural disasters initially arises from a humanitarian perspective, but in recent years it has been associated with the concepts of sustainable development and resilience, since it reduces the economic, social, and environmental consequences of disasters. This chapter explores the transformative potential of reconstruction programs through experiences from Chile, aiming at enriching the evolutionary perspective towards resilience and sustainable development, incorporating not only the future reduction of risks but also the possibility of improving existing, and many times long-lasting, prior deficiencies. This approach aims at using the disaster as an opportunity.

Chapter 24 in: Routledge Handbook of Urban Resilience, Section Four: Dimensions of Resilience (Social, Ecological, Technological). Routledge Taylor and Francis, London. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9780429506666-24

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION INCLUDING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FOR HOUSING AND SETTLEMENTS

Wagemann, E. & Boano, C., 2017

Housing is essential to the well-being and development of most societies. It is a complex asset, with links to livelihoods, health, education, security, and social and family stability. Housing acts as a social centre for families, a source of pride and cultural identity, and a resource of both political and economic importance. In 1972, John Turner pointed out that the word ‘housing’ can be used as a noun or as a verb. The noun ‘housing’ describes a ‘commodity or product’, while the verb ‘to house’ describes the ‘process or activity of housing’ (Turner and Fichter 1972, p. 151). According to this distinction, housing must be understood as what ‘it is’ and what ‘it does’ in people’s lives, and therefore, people’s experience in the way houses are promoted, built or used becomes crucial.

Chapter 44 in: Routledge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. Eds. Kelman, I., Mercer, J., Gaillard, JC. Routledge Taylor and Francis, London. Pp 481-490.

https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315684260.ch44

LIBROS / BOOKS

CIUDADES Y CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO EN CHILE: RECOMENDACIONES DESDE LA EVIDENCIA CIENTÍFICA

Muñoz, J. C.; Barton, J.; Frías, D.; Godoy, A.; Bustamante, W.; Cortés, S.; Munizaga, M.; Rojas, C.; Wagemann, E., 2019

En el marco de las preparaciones del Gobierno de Chile frente a la COP25, y como parte de las actividades del Comité Científico COP25 establecido por el Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología, Conocimiento e Innovación, este documento tiene tres propósitos. El primero es reunir información de varios documentos de política pública relacionados con ciudades y cambio climático en Chile. El segundo es destacar la situación urbana en Chile en relación con los temas de mitigación (movilidad; edificación, equipamiento y energía; y residuos y economía circular), adaptación (riesgos y desastres naturales; infraestructura y espacios verdes; y vulnerabilidad y salud) y gobernanza. El tercero es presentar propuestas de acción en formato de fichas que pretenden contribuir a reducir las emisiones que surgen desde ciudades y reducir la vulnerabilidad en los asentamientos humanos en Chile frente al cambio climático.

Comité Científico COP25; Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología, Conocimiento e Innovación. http://www.minciencia.gob.cl/comitecientifico/documentos/mesa-ciudades/Ciudades-y-CC-en-Chile-Recomendaciones-desde-evidencia-cientifica.pdf

SUSTENTABILIDAD A ESCALA DE BARRIO: RE-VISITANDO EL PROGRAMA QUIERO MI BARRIO

CEDEUS, MINVU, Greene, M., Wagemann, E., Cortese, C., Reyes, J., Ormeño, N., Fernández, A., 2019

Durante el primer semestre del año 2017 el Centro de Desarrollo Urbano Sustentable, CEDEUS, trabajó en conjunto con la Secretaria Ejecutiva de Barrios para estimar la sustentabilidad de las intervenciones implementadas a través del Programa Quiero Mi Barrio (QMB). Ello implicaba llevar a cabo un estudio exploratorio que considerara tanto las obras físicas como las intervenciones sociales desarrolladas en el marco de esta línea de acción. El estudio contempló el análisis de doce barrios en seis regiones del país en los que el programa había finalizado su intervención entre cinco y ocho años atrás. Se aplicaron diversos instrumentos, desde entrevistas a representantes de los Consejos Vecinales de Desarrollo (CVD), funcionarios municipales y dirigentes vecinales, encuesta a beneficiarios y fichas de observación de las obras construidas por el programa.

CEDEUS, Santiago. ISBN: 978-956-395-030-4, https://repositorio.uc.cl/handle/11534/23692

HABITABILIDAD TRANSITORIA EN DESASTRES EN CHILE: EXPERIENCIA EN EL PERÍODO 2014 - 2017

ONEMI; MINDES; CIGIDEN, Walker, R., Wagemann, E.; CITRID, Garay, R., Tapia, R.; TECHO-Chile, Domínguez, M., 2018

En agosto de 2016 se constituye la Mesa Intersectorial de Habitabilidad Transitoria, instancia compuesta por diversas instituciones, convocada por la Oficina Nacional de Emergencia con el objeto de discutir propuestas de mejora en torno a diversos aspectos de la habitabilidad transitoria. El presente documento sistematiza los resultados de esta discusión.

ONEMI, Santiago. http://repositoriodigitalonemi.cl/handle/2012/1837

BAHAY KAWAYAN: A TRANSITIONAL HOUSE FOR THE PHILIPPINES

Gatóo, A., Wagemann, E., Ramage, M., 2015

The book shows in detail the design and construction process of a transitional bamboo house for the Philippines, a country that was affected, in 2013, by Typhoon Haiyan, the strongest typhoon ever recorded. The low-cost structure is based on the traditional Filipino house, the Bahay Kubo, and was designed to explore a resilient solution for imminent hazards. Moreover, the design could be adapted to any tropical climate where large bamboo grows, considering the local building techniques.

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK. ISBN: 978-0-903428-36-1. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/248944

ARTÍCULOS EN REVISTAS NO INDEXADAS/ ARTICLES IN INDEXED JOURNALS

DE LA CALLE A LA CASA. CÓMO LA PANDEMIA ESTÁ CAMBIANDO LA FORMA EN QUE HABITAMOS

Larraín, M.S., García Lima C., Wagemann, E., 2020

El entorno urbano se ha convertido en el hábitat por excelencia del ser humano y este se ha ido adaptando y modificando históricamente por las diversas fuerzas y demandas de quienes las habitan. Esta investigación busca como objetivo principal identificar y generar un diagnóstico
de los cambios producidos por la pandemia en la forma que habitamos para con eso aportar
con conclusiones a los tomadores de decisiones y así poder elaborar estrategias para hacer viviendas y ciudades más resilientes. Revista Cota, n. 13, pp.24-25, ISSN-2452-4832. www.revistacota.cl

FROM EMERGENCY TO RECONSTRUCTION: POST DISASTER POLICIES FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHILE

Wagemann, E., D’Alençon, R., Greene, M., Moris, R., Gironás, J., & Giesen, R., 2017

This work documents and analyses the emergency plans, programs and actions carried out in a sample of disasters occurred in Chile since 1960, with a particular focus on the potential integration of the initial emergency phase with regulations, procedures and actors against long term reconstruction process. Urbanistica Informazioni. Sessione speciale 3: La ricostruzione come metodo, 272, 782–787. http://urbanisticainformazioni.it/-272-s-i-.html

MAKING THE TEMPORARY SHELTER A ‘HOME’. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING IN CHILE AND PERU

Wagemann, E., 2015

This article presents cases of transitional accommodation provided after earthquakes in Peru (2007) and Chile (2010) by TECHO NGO and the Government of Chile. The photographs are one component of a research project that sought to understand the process of recovery after a disaster, based on the study of 27 shelters modified by their residents. Scroope: The Cambridge Architecture Journal 24, 120-127. ISSN 0966-1026. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/252682

RELIEF FOR THE CURRICULUM: ARCHITECTURE EDUCATION AND DISASTER RECOVERY

Wagemann, E., Ramage, M., 2013

In a world with an increasing frequency and impact of natural disasters, architects play an important role in post-disaster recovery and development. While schools of architecture can potentially increase students’ exposure to this field, it is unusual to find relief, reconstruction and risk
assessment in the main curriculum.. Scroope: The Cambridge Architecture Journal 22, 129-133. ISSN 0966-1026. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.6437

PROFESIÓN Y DISCIPLINA. UNA TENSIÓN POSIBLE DE ARTICULAR’

Rosas, J., Wagemann, E., 2011

Debatir acerca de la profesión de arquitecto exige siempre cierta reflexión sobre la enseñanza de la arquitectura y, en el caso actual de Chile, es pertinente dada la importante cantidad de Escuelas de Arquitectura que se han creado en las últimas décadas y el cambio de paradigma profesional a nivel global. En este contexto, este artículo se origina a partir de la experiencia académica y profesional que comenzó con la creación del Magíster en Arquitectura puc el año 1991, en simultáneo a la obtención del título de Arquitecto y grado de Licenciado en Arquitectura.
Revista CA: Ciudad y Arquitectura 148, 22-27. http://revistaca.cl/revistas/148.pdf